Bab al-‘Amud (Damascus Gate)

Damascus Gate is located in the northern part of Jerusalem wall, and is one of the wall’s most beautiful gates and the richest in terms of architectural and decorative design, in addition to its size and broad area. Among the names used for this Gate are Nablus Gate and Damascus Gate. However, the most famous name for it is Bab al-‘Amud “the gate of the column”, which refers to a column located in the inner courtyard of the gate, welcoming visitors, and on top of that column was a status of the Roman Emperor Hadrian. Damascus Gate comprised of two sections; a lower section and an upper section. The lower section was built by Hadrian in 135 AD, as for the upper section, it dates back to the year 944 Hijri / 1937-1938 AD. At the middle of the façade of Damascus Gate stands an entrance with a pointed arch surrounded by a unique group of circles containing floral and geometric decorations. The designer of Damascus Gate is believed to be the Master Darwish al-Halabi in partnership with local architects.